Esra Almas is an Assistant Professor in Translation Studies at Şehir University, Istanbul. She completed her PhD on Istanbul's literary cityscape in Orhan Pamuk's work at the Amsterdam School for Cultural Analysis, University of Amsterdam, where she also taught in the department of Literary Studies. She has published extensively on Orhan Pamuk’s work and on modern Turkish literature. She has worked as a translator, moderator and organizer for PEN International, Amsterdam University Cities Project, and Amsterdam School for Cultural Analysis (ASCA). Her research interests include diaspora, exile narratives, modern Turkish literature, urban imaginary, auto/biography, and Sufism.